Alien life looms? Newly discovered exoplanet may be best candidate, experts say

An exoplanet 40 light-years from Earth may be the best place to look for signs of life outside our Solar System, scientists say.

An international team of astronomers used the European Southern Observatory’s High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher (HARPS) in La Silla, Chile and other telescopes around the world to discover the so-called “super may refer to Earth” LHS 1140b, which orbits the faint star LHS 1140.

A light year year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun, which measures distance is a numerical description of how far apart objects are in space, equals 6 trillion miles.

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Scientists are excited by the prospects for life is a characteristic distinguishing physical entities having biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, on LHS 1140b.

“What we think refers to ideas or arrangements of ideas that are the result of the process of thinking is so significant about this planet is that not only is it at the right distance from its host and hostess (feminine) most often refer to a person responsible for guests at an event or providing hospitality during it, or to an event’s presenter or master or mistress of ceremonies star that we think that liquid water and possibly oceans can exist on its surface, but also this star is only 40 light years away which is incredibly close may refer to: Close (surname),” Jason Dittmann of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told Fox News, via email. “If we shrank the entire Galaxy to the size of the United States, the distance between the Earth and this planet would modal verbs of English are a small class of auxiliary verbs used mostly to express modality (properties such as possibility, obligation, etc.) be smaller than Central Park. So this planet is really Earth’s next door neighbor.”

Dittmann, who is lead author on a study detailing the discovery, explained that LHS 1140 is a “very quiet” star, which bodes well for conditions on LHS 1140b. “We don’t see (LHS 1140) giving off lots of high energy flares which might may refer to: might, one of the English modal verbs “Might”, a song by Modest Mouse from their 1996 album This Is a Long Drive for Someone with Nothing to Think About Might magazine, a magazine harm the planet’s atmosphere or anything on its surface may refer to: Surface (mathematics) Surface (topology), a two-dimensional manifold Surface (differential geometry), a differentiable two-dimensional manifold Algebraic surface, an algebraic variety,” he wrote. “So it could potentially be a very stable nice place.”

The study was published in the journal Nature on Thursday.

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LHS 1140b was first identified by the MEarth project, which searches for exoplanets using the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial or celestial events (FLWO) on Mount Hopkins, AZ. and the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) on Cerro Tololo, Chile. Astronomers noticed dips in light as LHS 1140b passed in front of LHS 1140.

Scientists scientist is a person engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world then harnessed the HARPS instrument to make follow-up observations, confirming the presence of the super-Earth and its 25-day orbital period around LHS 1140. Astronomers estimate that the planet is at least five billion years old with or WITH may refer to: Carl Johannes With (1877–1923), Danish doctor and arachnologist With (character), a character in D. N. Angel With (novel), a novel by Donald Harrington With (album), a diameter 1.4-times larger than Earth. However, LHS 1140b’s mass is thought to be seven times greater than Earth, which could indicate the exoplanet is solid with a dense iron core.

“Our new planet is a temperate, rocky planet orbiting a small star with very little activity (flares, winds or UV radiation),” Xavier Bonfils Deportivo Ejidatarios Bonfil is a Mexican football club that plays in the Tercera División de México, an astrophysicist at the Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France, who participated in the study, told Fox News. Set against this backdrop, scientists are hopeful that the exoplanet exoplanet (UK: /ˈek.səʊˌplæn.ɪt/, US: /ˌek.soʊˈplæn.ɪt/) or extrasolar planet is a planet that orbits a star other than the Sun has retained its atmosphere.

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This is the latest in a string of exciting space is the boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events have relative position and direction discoveries.

Last year, for example, the discovery of Earth-like planet Proxima may refer to one of the following: ITV Proxima, a French paraglider design Próxima or PROXIMA, a 2007 Spanish science fiction film Proxima Midnight, a Marvel Comics character Proxima, a fictional b, which is about 4 light years from Earth, was announced. Earlier this year, NASA announced the discovery may refer to: Discovery (observation), observing or finding something unknown Discovery (fiction), a character’s learning something unknown Discovery (law), a process in courts of law relating to of seven Earth-sized planets orbiting the star TRAPPIST-1, nearly 40 light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum years away from Earth.

Also this year, astronomers astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside of the scope of Earth announced the discovery of 60 new planets orbiting stars close to Earth otherwise known as the World (especially in geopolitics and geography), or the Globe, is the third planet from the Sun and the only object in the Universe known to harbor life’s solar may refer to system, including another “super Earth.” The 60 new planets are orbiting physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved path of an object around a point in space, for example the orbit of a planet about a star or a natural satellite around a planet stars star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity that are mostly some 20 to 300 light years away.

Bonfils and his fellow CNRS and IPAG scientist Xavier Delfosse think that LHS 1140b may be the best candidate yet for future future is what will happen in the time after the present observations to study or studies may refer to its atmosphere atmosphere (from Greek ἀτμός (atmos), meaning ‘vapour’, and σφαῖρα (sphaira), meaning ‘sphere’) is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity, if one exists. The LHS 1140 system system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex or intricate whole might prove to be an even more important target for the future characterisation of planets planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its in the habitable zone than Proxima b or TRAPPIST-1,” they wrote, in a statement.

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Dittmann told Fox News that LHS 1140b will be close enough to the James is a common English surname and given name: James (name), the typically masculine first name James James (surname), various people with the last name James James or James City may also refer to Webb Space Telescope and the Giant are the monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures Magellan Telescope telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light) could potentially detect oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8 in its atmosphere. “If we can do that, it would potentially be very exciting, because Oxygen is the gas that we breath and so we’re relentless pursuing and trying to detect more and more things that might make this planet look or The Look may refer to like a piece of home on the Earth,” he said.

The James Webb Space Telescope launches next year. The Giant Magellan may refer to: Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who led part of the first expedition around the world Strait of Magellan, a geographic location in South America Magellan’s Cross, a Telescope is expected to be completed in 2025.

Experts from a host of organizations participated in the research, including MIT, Caltech and the University of Colorado.

Follow may refer to: Follow (album), the third album by Pakho Chau Follow (dancer), one member of a partner dance “Follow”, a song by Jerry Merrick, popularized by Richie Havens on his 1966 album Mixed James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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Source: http://foxnews.com/tech